Famous Shahidi Jorh Mela ...



About... Jorh Mel

Jorh Mel


There are certain events which leave an indelible mark on the minds of the people for ever. Saka Sirhind is one of such historical event. The martyrdom of two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh is unique in the annals of world history. The barbarous incident of bricking the two sons alive for refusing to embrace Islam took place on December 25, 1704. To commemorate the event, Shaheedi Jorh Mel is being held from December 26th to 28th 2011.


The two sons of Guru Gobind Singh were presented in the court of Nawab Wazir Khan, the then Governor of Sirhind. He ordered Baba Zorawar Singh, nine years old, and Baba Fateh Singh, seven years old, to embrace Islam, but they flatly turned down his command. Baba Zorawar Singh said in a soft but determined voice that they had been taught to bow before the Guru and none else. As for accepting Islam, he said "We have in our veins the blood of Guru Hargobind, Guru Tegh Bahadur and Guru Gobind Singh. None can force us to renounce the faith of our forefathers".


Every one in the court was impressed to hear the bold reply. Wazir Khan ordered the two boys to be taken to prison and be brought before him the next morning. Men were put on duty to frighten them into submission but the two sahibzadas remained firm. The next day they again behaved in the court of the Nawab with great dignity and firmness. The Nawab was mad with rage and wished to give them the severest punishment. Nawab Sher Mohammad Khan of Malerkotla, who happened to be there, earnestly pleaded that the children were too young and innocent to be punished but on the advice of Sucha Nand, Nawab Wazir Khan ordered Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh to be bricked alive. When the wall came up to the chest they were told that they could still save their lives by giving up their faith, but they remained firm. They were bricked alive.

Diwan Todar Mal broke this news to Mata Gujriji which proved fatal to her. The renowed Hindi poet Maithillisharan Gupt commemorates the unique sacrifice in a poem given below :-

"Jis kul Jaati desh ke bachche
de sakte hain balidan,
us desh ka vartman kuchh bhi ho
par bhavishya hai maha mahan"

( The community and the nation which are capable of such a heroic sacrifice have a great future in store for them regardless of their present.)

A wave of anger swept the nation as a reaction to this bloody incident. It soon burst like a volcano and the people joined hands to wage a relentless struggle against Mughal tyranny.

When Guru Gobind Singh came to know about this incident, he did not betray any emotion and remained unshaken. He made up his mind to punish the culprits. He did not allow this wave of protest to cool down and prepared the sikhs mentally to take on the mighty Mughals. The situation reached such a pass that within the next four years, the entire Sikh community cried for revenge. Guru Gobind Singh chose Baba Banda Singh Bahadur to lead the Sikhs to take revenge from the Mughals. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur marched like a hurricane from Nanded. After defeating the Mughals enroute, he reached Sirhind. A decisive battle was fought against Wazir Khan on May 12th and on the 14th of May Banda's army had full control over the city of Sirhind. Now the Sikhs had gained ascendancy and they scored several victories over the Mughals. The Mughals pride was, thus, razed to the ground.

The foundation of a sovereign Sikh state was laid which ultimately culminated with the rise of Maharaja Ranjit Singh as a great political force on the political map. However, the Sikhs continued to express their gratitude to the Muslim rulers of Malerkotla, whose ancestors had disapproved the forcible conversion and killing of the Sahibzadas.

The eastern gate of Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib has been dedicated to the memory of the then Nawab of Malerkotla. Even today Saka Sirhind remains a source of inspiration and strength for the masses. It will continue to remind them of their rich heritage and tradition of being ready to make any sacrifice for their faith.

Lakhs of people are pay their obeisance at Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib on this historic occasion every year.


Palki Sahib

Palki Sahib


An annual three day Jor Mel (a religious congregation) is held at Fatehgarh Sahib, in the cherished memory of the great martyrs, Mata Gujri Ji, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Feteh Singh during the last week of December. The exact dates of the Jor Mel are notified by the S.G.P.C. Lakhs of devotees from all over the world throng Fatehgarh Sahib on the occasion to pay homage to the great martyrs.


This is perhaps the biggest such congregation of people in the Punjab. For last many years the occasion was celebrated with much fan fare peppered with fun and frolic, however, from last couple of years taking into account the solemnity of the event, it is now observed with befitting sobriety. No unreligious or loud music is allowed. Besides means of entertainment such as circuses, merry- go -rounds or any games of skills have been banned. On the first day of the Jor Mel exhibits of various government agencies are put on display. Another important feature of the Jor Mel is the sound and light programme organized by the Public Relations Deptt. of the state. It is a two hour light and sound programme held at the Aam Khas Bagh, Sirhind which showcases the history of Sirhind. The second day of the Jorh Mel is dominated by religio-political conferences of the various political parties of the state. The third day of the Jorh Mel is highlighted by the Nagar kirtan. The holy Guru Granth Sahib is put in a beautiful Palki Sahib placed in a well decorated special bus and carried in a procession. The procession starts from the main Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib and terminates at Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup, where the Sahbizadas were cremated. The spirit of the devotees is seen to be believed. Ahead of the Palki Sahib the barefooted devotees clear the path by brooming it clean and washing it with milk. This procession is symbolic of the actual cremation procession of the Sahibzadas and their grand mother.





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